The Federal Court System

Module 6 Lesson 1 Mastery Assignment

U.S. Marshals

A U.S. Marshal makes arrests, collects fines, and takes convicted people to prison. They protect the jurors and keep order in the court. They are also responsible for serving subpoenas. Each district has a U.S. Marshal.

U.S. Attorneys

A U.S. Attorney's job is to act as a government lawyer who prosecutes people accused of breaking federal laws. They will look into charges and present the evidence in court. They might also represent the U.S. in civil cases involving the government. Like a U.S. Marshal, they is a U.S. Attorney in every district.

Magistrate Judge

The Magistrate Judge decides whether the accused people are to be held in jail or released on bail. Like both the U.S. Marshal and U.S. Attorney, each district also has a magistrate judge. This judge completes a lot of the judge's routine. Some duties of the Magistrate Judge includes hearing preliminary evidence and determining whether the cases should go to trail.

Life Terms, Precedent, Opinion, Remand, and Circuit

A Life Term is defined as when someone elected can hold office for as long as they would like.
A Precedent is defined as the model for other judges to follow in when making decisions in similar cases.
A Opinion explains the legal thinking that is behind the ruling or decision in the case.
A Remand is when the case is sent back to a lower court. In the lower court, the case is tried again.
A Circuit is the geographic area where the US Court of Appeals is.

The Appellate Jurisdiction and Original Jurisdiction

The Appellate Jurisdiction is the authority that is held to hear a case appealed from a lower court.
The Original Jurisdiction is the authority held to hear a case for the very first time.

The District Court and The Court of Appeals

District Courts are federal courts. This is where trials are held and lawsuits begin. All state have at least one. These courts hear civil and criminal cases. District courts have original jurisdiction.
The Court of Appeals does not decide guilt or innocence but instead have a group of judges review the case records and listen to the lawyers on both sides. Most Appeal court decisions are final.