Land Ordinance of 1785

Including Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Pros of 'The Land Of Ordinance

The Land Of Ordinance was adopted by the Continental Congress back on May 20th, 1785. The immediate goal of the ordinance was to raise money through the sale of land back whenever the territory west of the original states had acquired this after the end of the Revolutionary war (1783; treaty of Paris). The ordinance was also very significant for their education,although a great many of the school sections were sold to raise money for public education .Each western township contained six miles square of land, which was further subdivided into thirty six lots, each lot containing one square mile of land, and the center-most land of each township corresponded to lot numbers 15, 16, 21 and 22 on the township survey. Lot number 16 dedicated specifically to public education. As the Land Ordinance of 1785 stated: "There shall be reserved the lot No. 16, of every township, for the maintenance of public schools within the said township.". Overall, it seems as if they had their records straight.


When it came to the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was an act of the Congress of the Confederation of the U.S., which had passed July 13th 1787. Ohio University was formally established on February 18, 1804, when its charter was approved by the Ohio General Assembly. Its establishment came 11 months after Ohio was admitted into the Union. The first three students enrolled in 1809. Ohio University graduated two students with bachelor's degrees in 1815, which of course was an astonishing accomplishment at the time. Along with that, the language of the ordinance prohibits slavery, but also contained a clear fugitive slave clause as well. Efforts in the 1820's by pro-slavery forces to legalize slavery in two of the states created from the Northwest Territory failed, but an "indentured servant" law allowed some slaveholders to bring slaves under that status; they could not be bought or sold, thought, only previously owned. The balance of the number of free versus slave states was not affected, as most slave states in 1790 were south of the Ohio River.