Testicular Cancer

Nate Sodders and Ryder Boothroyd

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular Cancer is when Germ cells mutate and grow uncontrollably in the testicles, forming a tumor.






Image: "Testicular Cancer." Gale Science in Context. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

<http://callisto.ggsrv.com/imgsrv/FastFetch/UBER2/

00261136-T2?boundbox2=255+255>.

What are the symptoms of this cancer and how does Testicular Cancer impact the people it affects?

Testicular Cancer has many symptoms, including physical and mental,


Physical Symptoms: The physical symptoms of Testicular Cancer are cells growing uncontrollably in either testicle.


  • Increasing or decreasing size of the testicles.
  • Your pectorals might grow in size or feel sensitive, as well as liquid gathering in the scrotum.


Mental (what your body feels) Symptoms: Only some of the symptoms can be identified with your own hands or eyes. The majority of symptoms of Testicular Cancer are noticed when the testicles or other body parts start feeling different.


  • In the scrotum and testicle it can hurt or feel uncomfortable as well in the groin or lower abdomen.
  • Feeling of more weight in the scrotum.


Image: "Testicular Cancer." Irish Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

<http://www.irishhealth.com/article.html?con=423>.

Testicular Cancer and it's impacts on people affected

Treatment of Testicular Cancer causes physical changes to your body and to your life as well.

  • Operation will leave scar tissue

  • Pain for a few weeks

  • Your relationships with family, friends, and other people will change

  • Change in Self-esteem


Effects After Surgery:

  • Operation to remove Lymph Nodes

  • Surgery can cause sterility (can’t produce sperm)


Effects of Radiation Therapy:

  • Slows down sperm production/lowers count but is a temporary disability

  • Area that was treated has sensitive skin - range

  • Other symptoms relate to the average fever/cold

Effects of Chemotherapy:

  • Damages normal rapidly growing cells

Anticancer drugs are used on the patient during treatment, affecting-

  • Hair Cells

  • Blood-forming cells

  • Cells that line the digestive tract

As well as-

  • Hair loss

  • Lower resistance to infection

  • loss of appetite

  • Mouth Sores


Image: "Radiation Therapy for Testicular Cancer." Cancer Treatment Centers of America.

N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015. <http://www.cancercenter.com/

testicular-cancer/radiation-therapy/>.


How prevalent is Testicular Cancer?

The probability of getting Testicular Cancer is a 1 in 300 chance

  • Those with Testicular Cancer have a high chance of being cured and have a low chance of dying.

  • Found between ages 15 - 35

How is it diagnosed?

  • Ultrasound
  • Computed Tomography (CT Scan)
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Positron Emission Tomography
  • Blood Tests


What are the possible causes of Testicular Cancer?

Talks about how testicular cancer gets started from a cell that has been changed and is not healthy for the testes.




  • The cause of cancer is not known

  • Healthy Cell gets changed

  • Causes growth to get out of control from the unhealthy cell

  • Cells keep dividing out of control and cause major growth

  • Most start out in the germ cell and cause the growth


Image: "Testicular Cancer—Patient Version." National Cancer Institute. N.p., n.d. Web.

22 Dec. 2015. <http://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular>.


What happens at the cellular and molecular level?

Explains how changes in the DNA and can be the cause of this cancerous cell and creates a major tumor.



  • Testicular cancer cells create many copies of chromosomes

  • Causes too many chromosomes to be created and unhealthy

  • DNA and chromosome change causing this cancerous cell to spread and grow

  • The Testicular cancer affects the genes which allows the cell to change the DNA and cause this cancer to grow
Big image

Image:

"Support Testicular Cancer." Coastal Cancer Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015. <https://www.google.com/ search?q=testicular+cancer+ribbon&safe=strict&espv=2&biw=1280&bih=879&source=lnms &tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjhy4fsye_JAhVEeT4KHdF8D5YQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=699rf_LpDnV9PM %3A>.

What are the treatments for Testicular Cancer? What are the cures?

This paragraph shows the different types of treatments they have to use in order to treat a certain type of tumor for the testicular cancer.



  • Multiple Types of treatments for testicular cancer

  • Tumors divided into groups depending on how they act during treatment

  • 5 types of surgeries to remove the tumor

  • These surgeries can be dangerous to the testes

  • Treatments are always being tested to find a new and better treatment

  • Many tests may be needed