Roman Architecture: What Are THOSE?

By Ava Ballard, VanAnh Nguyen, and Anika Shah

History of How Roman Architecture Came to Be... The "Simple" Version


Simply, Roman architecture was largely based on Greek designs from older times, and that is it. However, the Romans altered the engineering styles of the Greeks to fit their daily needs and to improve the stability of these structures. (according to the "simple" version of things)

Examples of Roman Structures:

Below are some examples of some types of buildings that the Romans developed. The Roman society established quite a few structures based on the things that they invented.

Information from the sites:

http://www.empirerome.com/architecture/arches/

http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/romans/amplitheatre.htm

Some Background Knowledge on Roman Architecture:

Underneath are some facts on Rome's architecture. :)



  • Romans used columns to make their buildings impressive.

  • They also used marble to make a majestic appearance.

  • Roman vault allowed them to make large structures. (ex. Colosseum)

  • Domes were difficult and hard to support, but with the development of cement, it became a stable support system.

  • Structures with domes allowed stability in buildings.
  • Romans combined existing techniques to develop new materials and designs, such as the triumphal arch, the aqueduct, etc.

  • These inventions were responses to the changing needs of the Roman society.

  • Romans followed the 3 Grecian designs that were originally established by the Greeks: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.

  • Columns developed by the Greeks gave structural stability. (ex. Pantheon)

  • As the Roman empire expanded, more ideas were incorporated into architecture and people created more buildings.

  • Use of marble became widespread after it was used for a significant building project.

  • Credit for buildings was largely the contribution of the architect and not the actual laborers.