Vocabulary collage

By: Alex Fenner and Derek Hegna

Language - system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning

Example - English, Spanish, and French

Dialect - a regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation

Example - south U.S, Midwest, and New England

Language branch - a collection of languages through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago

Example - Indo-Iranian, romance, and Germanic

Language family - a collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history

Example - Indo-European

Language group - a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary

Example - West Germanic

Lingua Franca - a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people wh have different native languages

Example - English

Literary tradition- a language that is written as well as spoken

Example - English, Spanish, and French

Official language - the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents

Example - English in most other countries

Standard Language - form of language used for official government business, education, and mass communications

Example - British Received Pronunciation (BRP)

Extinct Language - Language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used

Example - Gothic