Togo

A Third World Country, But Should Still Be Recognized

Togo

Togo is a very beautiful country that is located in Africa, between Benin and Ghana. However, right now the people of this country are in a lot of poverty, and the government doesn’t seem to be doing anything to help it. Also, there is a lot of crime and violence in Togo and part of it is because of inflation. There are also many other issues in Togo, such as water and air pollution. However, just because Togo’s people are in a rough patch at the moment does not mean we should look down upon them. In this essay you will not only learn about Togo’s issues, but how we can help solve them as well, so that one day, if we keep helping countries that are struggling, not just Togo, we might be able to live as one united, peaceful nation.

The flag of Togo was adopted on April 27, 1960. The flag of Togo is very important, and each colour on the flag stands for something. The white star on Togo’s flag symbolizes life, purity, dignity and the independence of Togo’s people, whereas the white on the Canadian flag symbolizes peace and honesty. The red square on Togo’s flag that surrounds the white star symbolizes loyalty and the patriotism the people of Togo have toward their country, whereas the red on the Canadian flag symbolizes hardiness, bravery, strength and valour. The green stripes on Togo’s flag symbolize fertility and agriculture, and the yellow stripes symbolize mineral wealth. The colours of Togo’s flag are believed to have originated from the colours of the Ethiopian flag.

The first issue I’m going to talk to you about is the environmental problems of Togo. Togo has lost 1.44 % of its forests annually between 1990 and 1995; that’s more than 5% of Togo’s entire forest area! The soil and water supply of Togo are threatened by pesticides and fertilizers, and as it stands right now, eight mammal species and one bird species are threatened. Also, since Togo is a country in which the population is growing very rapidly, natural resources, such as water and electricity, are pressured. The need for fuel wood in Togo is one of its highest deforestation rates. Another environmental problem in Togo is the lack of electricity. 2/3’s of all the houses in Togo have no electricity, that’s more than 66% of all the houses in Togo. Usually in Togo, the only light that people have is a kerosene lamp, and this accounts for another environmental issue: air pollution. Kerosene lamps emit about 8 tons of carbon dioxide a year, this accounts for a ton of environmental pollution. However, Togo is improving, so far Togo has 9 areas under protection. Another way Togo can help its environment, is by filtering the water from the lake, so that there will be more drinkable water. Also, the government of Togo can help people with no electricity, by giving them free electrical access.

Canada also has the same environmental issues that Togo has: water pollution, air pollution and deforestation. Only, Canada's environmental issues aren't as severe. Now, although environmental issues aren't a big deal in Canada, air pollution is one of the worst environmental issues in Canada. In Togo, the carbon dioxide that kerosene lamps emit causes air pollution. Well, in Canada, the energy we use has a by-product that can cause significant air pollution. The severest air pollution is in eastern Canada. Some of the other causes of air pollution are: vehicle emissions, home heating and soil or road dust. There are also issues with our water. The quality of our water only ranks a B grade, also, we rank 6th place out of 17 countries for our water quality. However, the water quality in Canada is better than 30 years ago, so we are improving. Deforestation in Canada is probably the least severe issue. Our entire country's deforestation only accounts for 0.4% of the global deforestation. That is puny, considering that we are such a big country. Also, here in Canada, we still have 91% of our original forest cover, so deforestation for us isn't a big issue at all. Now even though we some of our environmental issues are a bit bad, not all of our issues are man made. I mean, we're already trying the best we can to prevent these environmental issues, but there are some things we cannot prevent. For example, we can't stop the wind, so what if the wind blew some soil into the water and polluted that specific patch of water, we couldn't stop it. However, Togo's case is much different because most of the pollution in Togo is caused by people littering.

The second issue I am going to talk to you about is the crime in Togo. Pick pocketing is very common in Togo and so are scam artists, but there is also a tremendous amount of violent crime in Togo. Usually, travelers visiting Togo are less targeted for carjacking, probably because they didn't take their car along with them on their vacation. However, travelers have been victims of violent crime in the past. Also, you shouldn't share taxis with strangers because they might steal all your personal belongings, this is why travelers are advised to be very cautious when traveling in Togo. Crime in Togo increased during the 1990's, and surprisingly there are only 2043 criminals in the whole of Togo. Some things that can cause crime in Togo are: greed, jealousy, revenge and pride. However, some people in Togo consider a life of crime better than an actual job. This could be because there is too less security, and it is easy to commit crimes. Also, drug habits can influence people to commit crimes. For example, if someone were taking drugs, but didn't have enough money to sustain the drug habit, they might rob a bank to get money, so that they could buy more drugs. Some of the things that the government could do to help stop crime are: start up food banks for the poor and needy, send advice counselors to those who are angry, advise people not to encourage crime. Starting up food banks will help stop people committing crime to satisfy their hunger. Sending out advice counselors can help stop people committing crime out of anger. Advising people not to encourage crime will help people stop committing crime for pride or celebratory purposes. Something that people can do on their own to help Togo’s crime issues, is stop doing things that can influence crime, such as watching violent TV shows.

There is also crime in Canada, but like I said earlier, when I was talking about environmental issues, Canada's crime level isn't as severe as Togo's. The crime rate of Canada has been falling steadily for the past 20 years, and is now at its lowest level since 1973. In 2010 there were 437,000 violent incidents of crime, but when you look at it from the perspective of our entire country, that isn't so much. Also, that was 7,200 incidents less than the previous year. There were also declines in other crime between 2009 and 2010. Some of the declines occurred in homicides and attempted murders. Most crimes in 2010 were non-violent, but the territory of Nunavut did have the highest violent crime rate in the year of 2010. Also, in 2010 the property crime rates were higher in the territories and the western provinces. The largest declines in crime were in British Columbia and Alberta. We are already doing things that help prevent crime. For example we have started food banks, and we have advice counselors that go out and talk to those who have anger management issues. However, we do not have anybody who advises people not to encourage crime, nor do we have anybody telling people to stop doing things that can influence crime. These are some of the areas we can try to improve in.

These are the issues in Togo, but remember this isn't the only country that's suffering. Also, just because most people in Togo are polluting the environment and committing crime, does not mean that we should make the assumption that all the people in Togo are polluting their environment and committing crime. Remember, I didn't write this essay for you to know how bad Togo is. I wrote this essay because I wanted you to know that Togo is in a rough patch at the moment, and no-one seems to be doing anything about it. However, if we all fight together as one united nation, we can stop the crime, poverty, discrimination and environmental issues, not just in Togo, but all over the world.