Late Middles Ages
By Audrey Wittmann Block 8
Activity #1: Life in a Medieval Town
Streets and Buildings usually grew around some sort of defence system/structure like a castle,palace, and a large monestry. Citizens usually built gates that shut at night for protection. Houses for the poor/lower class were crowded. Town houses were really high and went of the street for more space.
Role of Markets/fairs
The role of markets and fairs was to buy and sell goods and increase trade. It was also there to help people make money. It was good because it made it so everyone was in one place and they could all gather
It wasn't very clean or sanitary...people would keep a chamberpot under there bed and it was used for waste. Once it was full people in town houses would dump/throw it out the window to get rid of it. Pigs were then driven to the towns from the smell.
Activity #2 Technologies of the time
Castles were illustrated with strength, magnificence, and power. Castles contained drawbridges, barbician, portcullis, gatehouse, moat, crenellations, and murder holes.
Example of famous castle:
Warwick castle started with a wooden motte and was built by William the Conqueror and was eventually constructed into massive stone fortress. The wooden castle was replaced by a fortified stone castle in 1260. History of Warwick is steeped with murder and mystery. Many historical events happened here including William the Conqueror, War of roses, Civil war, Knights and tournaments.
Life in a Medieval Castle:
Life in a castle was either very hard or very boring. A lord, a knight, soldiers, servants, and serfs all lived in castles.
How to become a night was hard. One trained as a page then as a squire. The sons of nobles were placed in the service of great lords. They were sent to a castle and commenced their education as a knight.
Role of jousting:
A knight had to learn how to fight and serve their lord. Two knights would get on horseback to knock the other one off their lance.
It was based on personal honour. A model knight had to be brave, generous, and truthful. It was a code of honour that every knight had to swear to uphold.
The Code of Chivalry:
-To fear god and maintain his church
-To serve leige lord in valour and faith
-To protect the weak and defenceless and other orphans.
-To refrain from the wanton giving or defence
-To live by honour and for glory
-To despise pecuniary reward.
-To fight for the welfare of all
-To obey those placed in authority
-To guard the honour of fellow knights
-To eschew unfairness, meanness, and deceit
-To keep faith
-At all times to speak the truth
-To preserve to the end in any enterprise begun
-To respect the honour of women
-Never to refuse a challenge from and equal
-Never to turn the back upon a foe
Bow and Arrow: Was constructed in two parts. A strip of material was connected with a cord at both ends to apply tension. The strings were made of hemp. Is a projectile weapon using bows and arrows. It was common in most cultures and still used today in archery.
Siege Weapons of Warfare:
Mangonal: Was a weapon used during siege warfare. It was similar to a catapult. Which worked using torsion of counterpoise. Mangonals fired heavy projectiles from a bowl shaped bucket at the end of it's arm.