Constitution Era and Federal Era
By: Katrina Michelle Pilson
- Shay's Rebellion was an armed uprising that took place in central and western Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787.
- The rebellion was named after Daniel Shays, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War
- The rebellion started on August 29th, 1786
- It was start by several factors: financial difficulties brought about by a post war economic depression, a credit squeeze caused by a lack of hard currency, and fiscally harsh government policies instituted in1785 to solve debt problems.
- Protesters, including many war veterans, shut down country courts in the later months of 1786 to stop the judicial hearings for tax and debt collection.
- Pennsylvania farmers upset w/ tax on whiskey
- they refuse to pay tax
- Washington leads 12,000 troops into Pennsylvania
- Rebellion disbands and farmers pay tax ( show power of new government)
- results are
- US pays off debt
- a feud ensures between Hamilton and Jefferson
- The 1st political party systems begins ( Jeffersonian Republicans and Federalists)
- The U.S. Constitution was written in the same Pennsylvania State House where the Declaration of Independence was signed and where George Washington received his commission as Commander of the Continental Army. Now called Independence Hall, the building still stands today on Independence Mall in Philadelphia, directly across from the National Constitution Center.
- Written in 1787, the Constitution was signed on September 17th. But it wasn’t until 1788 that it was ratified by the necessary nine states.The U.S. Constitution was prepared in secret, behind locked doors that were guarded by sentries.
- Some of the original framers and many delegates in the state ratifying conventions were very troubled that the original Constitution lacked a description of individual rights. In 1791, Americans added a list of rights to the Constitution. The first ten amendments became known as The Bill of Rights
- At 81, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania was the oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention and at 26, Jonathan Dayton of New Jersey was the youngest.