Arrhythmia

by Newton Cao and Kigh Dang

What Is Arrhythmia?

Arrhythmia is a condition where a person's heart does not beat at a normal pace or rhythm.


Certain age groups are more prone to certain types of arrhythmia, so everyone is at risk for arrhythmia.

Symptoms

Symptoms of arrhythmia include:
  • slow or irregular heartbeats
  • pauses between heartbeats
  • anxiety
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • sweating
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain

Diagnosis

  • It is diagnosed through family history.
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Holter and Event Monitors
  • Stress test
  • Physical Exam
  • Blood tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrophysiology study
  • Tilt Table Testing
  • Coronary and angiography
  • Implantable loop recorder

Prognosis

  • Arrhythmia is not always deadly
  • Mild to severe life-threatening

Treatments

1. Slower heart rates
  • Pace-makers


2. Faster heart rates


  • Vagal Maneuvers
  • Medication
  • Cardioversion
  • Catheter Ablation
  • Pace-makers
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Surgery
Heart Arrhythmia

Citations