States of Matter Poster

Emily Horn

Solids

Definition

firm and stable in shape

Details

1) The molecules are packed closely together

2)Low kinetic energy because the molecules don't have room to move

3)Definite shape

Examples

1) an object

2) a human

Liquids

Definition

a phase of matter in which atoms or molecules can move freely while remaining in contact with one another

Details

1) No definite shape (takes the shape of container)

2)Medium kinetic energy

3)Definite volume

Examples

1) Water

2) Soda

Gases

Definition

an air like fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available

Details

1)No fixed volume

2)High kinetic volume

3)molecules are far apart

Examples

1)Helium in balloons

2)Fumes from volcanoes

Plasma

Definition

an electrically charged gas

Details

1)Particles have extremely large amounts of energy

2)Can be thought of as a gas consisting of electrons instead of atoms

3)Most common phase of matter in the universe

Example

1)Lightning

2)neon signs

Bose Einstein Condensate

Definition

is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero

Details

1)Einstein predicted this state of matter in the 1920s

2)Groups of atoms behave as though they are a single particle

3)It exists only at extremely low temperatures

Examples

1)A boson cooled to absolute zero

2)A new form of matter cooled to absolute zero

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