Physical and Health Disabilities

Mark Goldstein SPED 301

Disabilities defined by the Government

Physical Disability: A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance that can be caused by congenital anomaly or disease.

Health Disability: Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment that is due to chronic or acute health problems and adversely affects a child's educational performance.

Characteristics of these disabilities

Physical: The orthopedic impairment must be severe and affect educational personal performance adversely. There are two categories: Neuromotor impairments which are conditions caused by damage to the central nervous system (limits muscular control) and Muscular/skeletal conditions which are impairments that affect the limbs or muscles that have trouble controlling their movements.


Health: The health impairment must result in limited strength, vitality, or alertness, must be due to chronic or acute health problems, and must affect educational performance adversely. There are two categories: Chronic Illnesses and Infectious Diseases.

Prevalence Rate

Although 11% of all students in the United States receive special education services, a very small percentage, 0.09%, of these students have physical disabilities and 1.38% have health disabilities.

Major Characteristics causing Learning Interference

Physical: According to base-uk.org, the major cause of learning interference is merely getting to the classroom itself.


Health: According to www.disabilityrightswi.org, the major cause of learning interference is being unable to participate in the school related activity (i.e. being absent from school).


http://base-uk.org/sites/base-uk.org/files/[user-raw]/11-07/physicaldifficulties_1.pdf


http://www.disabilityrightswi.org/archives/66

Living. For the physically disabled.
The IDEA's Special Education Categories: Other Health Impairment

Appropriate data based classroom accommodations

Universal Design Features: Create flexible seating arrangements, Provide safe and secure space to store AT devices.

Instructional Accommodations: Extended time, abbreviated assignments, flexible due dates, note takers.

Testing Accommodations: Read items to the student, read or simplify directions, provide alternative settings for test-taking.

Instructional Technology: Use distance education, Skype or teleconference important lectures and class discussion.

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Home Accommodations

Having multiple appliances (one refrigerator, washing machine) and furniture (couch, bed) on each floor.

Having a single level home or apartment on the first floor.

Having a handicapped parking sticker for the car so there is ease of travel.


http://www.disabilityrightsohio.org/faq-housing

Website Resources

https://spinalpedia.com/

This website is a forum (social mentoring) that allows people suffering from spinal impairments to post their feelings and ideas to other fellow sufferers.


http://www.spd.org.sg/infocomm-accessibility-centre

This website has many features, but one is that there is a service known as Infocomm Accessibility Centre which is a class that teaches children with disabilities to use technology in order to complete daily tasks on the computer.


http://www.miasapps.com/icomm.html

This website explains how the telephone app "icomm" works for toddlers that have difficulty talking.