Unit 2: Enduring Understanding

Summative Assesment by Garrett Sullivan

Section 1: Analysis


Humans Migrate:

Humans migrate, or in other words, move around the globe. There are push and pull factors of migration, or in other words, reasons people migrate away from an area, or migrate to an area. Humans can migrate for a number of reasons, such as personal safety, weather/climate, a job opportunity, political leaders, and many more. These are examples of migration push factors, migration pull factors, or some examples may be both push and pull factors. An example that helps me understand migration more is birds. In the summer, birds stay in New Hampshire. The temperature is warm, and there are insects and water for the birds to eat. In the fall, birds move down to the south because of the temperature changing cooler, and insects dying. In the south, there are insects, and the climate is always warm, which is why the birds move there. Humans migrate just as birds do, just for different reasons, such as crashing economy, or job opportunities.


Humans Create Cultural Mosaics:

A cultural mosaic is the mix of different cultures in a society, including languages, traditions, art, religion, social organizations, and hopes. A cultural mosaic is formed as people migrate to different countries. When they migrate, they bring most of their culture with them(Food, language, customs, etc). As more and more and people migrate into a country, that country contains more and more exotic cultures. Eventually, the country becomes a cultural mosaic, because it contains many different cultures forming one big country. An example that helped me from class was making family culture shields. On the shields, there were different sections that represented different parts of a culture. In the sections, we would draw something from that section of our culture. For example, if the category was religion, we would draw something in that section that represents our religion. This activity showed us how different each culture is and shows how diverse each society is because of the many different cultures it contains.


Humans Balance the Forces of Cooperation and Conflict among Social Groups:

There are many different social groups in the world. A social group is a group of people who share ideas, traits, and other things. Different social groups either dislike each other (conflict), or they agree on ideas and topics (cooperate). Social groups include gangs, political, drug cartels, school social groups, and many other forms. Something that helped me understand social groups from class is a 4x8 activity. In this activity, there were four social groups: students, teachers, parents, and principals. There were many different topics we discussed, and on each topic, social groups found common similarities, and differences on topics. This shows how each social group shares some similarities, and differences with a different one.

Section 2: Application

Humans Migrate:

In the real world, there are many reasons people migrate. As previously discussed, there are many push and pull factors of migration In real life, there are many, many examples of migration. One example of migration could be a natural disaster. In 1992, hurricane Andrew struck South Florida, and parts of Louisiana. At the time of its occurrence, it was the most destructive hurricane in United States history. It was categorized as a type 5 major hurricane. People migrated to different areas to avoid the hurricane, or after it hit to start a fresh life. The total damage cost of the hurricane was more than $25 billion in Florida alone. Some people would want to move away to another area, as it would be financially, and emotionally difficult to recover from such a horrible event. This would be an example of push migration.


Humans Create Cultural Mosaics:

In the real world, people create cultural mosaics. As said earlier, a cultural mosaic is the mix of many different cultures in a society. One example of humans creating cultural mosaics in real life is the flood of immigrants into Ellis Island, New York. People from all over the world came to America to seek freedom. About 12 million immigrants entered the U.S through Ellis Island from 1892 to 1954. This action of immigration created America to become a real-life cultural mosaic, as people all over the world from different cultures came to the U.S.


Humans Balance the Forces of Cooperation and Conflict among Social Groups:

In the real world, there are many different social groups. They can vary anywhere from political groups to drug cartels, and many more. In these social groups, all of the people share similar thoughts and ideas. One example of a real life social group is different races. The races all have the color of their skin in common, but some racist members of a different race argue and fight members of other social groups. An example of this was in Ferguson, Missouri, when racist white police officers were racially profiling African Americans. An example of power shifting between social groups in the real world is political parties, such as the democrats and republicans. They both have different ideas on pretty much every issue. One issue is gun control. Democrats feel that there should be strict gun regulations, while Republicans think the current rules should stick. However, both parties have similar views on gay marriage rights. Although they are in different social groups, the Democrats and Republicans agree and disagree on issues. The power can shift between these groups very often. During primaries, the power between the social groups shifts. If a candidate’s campaign grows momentum and support, they become a threat to the other party’s candidates. For example, Donald Trump’s campaign is growing lots of support, and he is becoming a threat to Hillary Clinton. Now, Trump has more support than Clinton, and will most likely win the Republican nomination. If this happens, the Republican party will have more power than the Democrats because they have more support. The power shifts can have a positive affect on the supporters of the candidate, as the candidate will have lots of support and will likely win the election. The power shifting can have a negative effect on people too. If the candidate you support isn’t doing very well, they will have to spend more money on their campaign to try to gain more support, but will lose lots of money.

Section 3: Transfer

Humans Migrate:

In my life, I have migrated before. Me and my family used to live in Merrimak, NH when I was about three years old. Our house was getting too small, as my sister was born recently, and getting bigger. My mom also wanted to move to an area that had more forest. A push factor of us moving was the geography of the area, and housing. My family and I moved to Auburn, as there were lots forest, and the house is bigger. The geography of Auburn was a pull factor too, because one of the reasons we moved to Auburn was because of the woods.


Humans Create Cultural Mosaics:

In my life, my Mom and Dad's family creates a cultural mosaic when they meet. My Dad is Irish, and My Mom is Armenian. Both of them have different family traditions, and religion. One tradition my Mom carries from her culture is dying eggs in easter. Our family boils eggs in onion peels to give the eggs a dark red/brown color. My Mom is Christian and my Dad is Catholic. When my Mom, and Dad's family meet, it reflects a cultural mosaic, as it shows a mix of culture in my family.


Humans Balance the Forces of Cooperation and Conflict among Social Groups:

In my life, there are many social groups everywhere, mostly at school. There are smart, sporty, popular, mean, teachers, and many more social groups at school. At school, the teachers and smart people often cooperate. One time, there was a question on a math quiz that me and my friends thought was incorrect. We talked to the teacher, and she addressed the class to not do the question, as it was worded wrong. This was an example of cooperation between two different social groups in my life. In the future of my life, I think conflict will develop between the social groups of parents and children. I believe that the children will not listen to their parents, and will think they have more/equal power. Kids won't go to bed when told, eat dinner in their rooms, not do their homework, and not make their beds when told.


Bullets and Ballots:

In bullets and ballots, I was a part of the Guatemalan Government. My group had twenty msu's of power, which was the second lowest of all the social groups. The government is a puppet government, being run by the army and wealthy. Throughout the game, power was constantly shifting. For example, at the near end of the game, the army and wealthy took over the government to gain all of the power and votes. The U.S then over-ruled this decision, deciding to take over the government, make it a democracy, and gave the country a fit political leader. Conflict and cooperation showed up a lot too during the game. At the beginning of month three, the guerillas fought the army and wealthy and gained twenty msu's. At the end of month two, the army and wealthy kidnapped a peasant, and lost ten msu's. These actions showed conflict between social groups. Cooperation between social groups took place too. The Guerillas made a treaty with the peasants, and Guatemalan Government, giving each twenty-five msu's. In conclusion, between social groups, power often shifts through conflict and cooperation with the teams.