Athens Vs. Sparta

By: Siena Zisa and Daniel Parisi


Athens was a superior city-state compared to Sparta. It had all the things considered to be important for a Greek city-state to have, but better. Athens had a great economy and really showed their culture. The Ancient Greek city-state had around a full population consisting of 140,000 people living there, but only 40,000 people were full male citizens. The population did vary, but this was the most the city-state had. Overall, Athens was better than Sparta because it had better education, government, and economy based on trading.


Trading may have been hard because of the torturous landforms such as mountains, hills, and rivers that made it hard for travelers to pass, but it was a very important part of Athenians everyday life. They traded things like olive oil, wine, wheat, barley, glass, ivory, and rugs. These were mainly traded because the foods were easy to grow on hilly landscape and rugs, glass, and ivory were things they had around them. These were pretty important elements to their culture, and the more you owned, the wealthier you were seen. Overall, trading was a very important part of Greek culture and makes Athens that much better compared to Sparta.


Athens was the main educational center of Ancient Greece. Until age six, boys were taught at home by their mother or a male slave. Age six to 14 was primary school. The teacher in school was always a male. Once the youths were 16, their 'basic education' was complete.Girls were taught at home by their mothers or a private tutor. The objective was to prepare girls for being a stay-at-home mom. Only boys could physically go to school, girls could be taught but only at home. Boys' education in Ancient Athens consisted of three main courses: Grammata , Music, and Physical Education. Grammata included reading, writing, and arithmetic.Girls were mostly taught by their mothers in the comfort of their own homes. They learned things like motherhood and housekeeping. Girls were also allowed to take part in sports such as wrestling but parents were afraid that girls would be spoiled if they learned how to read. Despite this some families employed a private tutor, so some Athenian women were very well educated.