Goddess of Wisdom
Background Information (1 and 2)
Since Athena was wise and powerful she and Poseidon got into a contest deciding which one of them would be the leader of Attica. Poseidon made saltwater gush into streams and river making floods but Athena made an olive tree grow. Even though the action was small the other gods proclaimed her as the new ruler of Attica.
In Greek mythology it is said that a statue of Athena called Palladium is supposed to protect everyone in the city it stands on. One day when Pallas and Athena were fighting Zeus intervened and hit Pallas. Athena took advantage of that and killed her. After that she felt guilty and put Pallas's name before her own.
Present-Day Information- Us, www.history.com