Volleyball

Alyssa Von Ruden

History

According to Ana Devine “Volleyball was invented in the United States in 1895 by William G. Morgan at the Holyoke, Mass. Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA). Offensive techniques were first developed in the Philippines around 1916, which led to further development of the rules as a whole. Increased offensive skills called for increased defensive skills, so strategy also flourished” (Devine, 1&4). In other words William G. Morgan invented Volleyball and offensive and defensive skills were created. According to Devine volleyball is now international, is an Olympic sport, and beach volleyball is included in the Olympics Devine, 5). According to volleyball.org “1900, a special ball was designed for the sport. 1917, the game was changed from 21 to 15 points.1920, three hits per side and back row attack rules were instituted. 1934, the approval and recognition of national volleyball referees. 1960's new techniques added to the game included - the soft spike (dink), forearm pass (bump), blocking across the net, and defensive diving and rolling. In 1964, Volleyball was introduced to the Olympic Games in Tokyo. 1986, the Women's Professional Volleyball Association (WPVA) was formed”(volleyball.org, 1).

Rules and Regulations

According to wvssac.org “National Federation of State High School Associations are the official rules, Length of Season: The volleyball season will end for each team by WVSSAC tournament elimination, Maximum Team Contest: A volleyball team will be permitted no more than 23 playing dates if participating in a conference tournament; otherwise the regular season will be 22 playing dates exclusive of sectional, regional, and state contests. The conference tournament is to count as one (1) playing date” (wvssac.org, 1,3,4). In other words you end the season in elimination, and you can on have a maximum 23 playing dates if you play in conference otherwise it would be 22 playing dates. Conference counts as one date. Any tournament (which is more than one game in one day) counts as one date; however, if there are any tournaments where you play five or more games counts as two dates (wvssac.org, 5). According to wvssac.org “In dual competition, a student may participate in a maximum of three (3) games against the same opponent if a match is 2 of 3 games and five (5) games if the varsity match is 3 of 5 games. A student may not play or practice on a non-school volleyball team while a member of the school team” ( wvssac.org, 6&9).

Passing

According to Devine “Passing is the most important skill in volleyball. If you don’t get your pass right, you have a low chance of delivering an effective attack because it makes the set and hit suffer” (Devine,1). In other words if you don’t make a good pass to the setter you will less likely have a hit that will affect the other team which makes it harder for you to score a point. According to Anne you should not interlock your fingers, it takes to long to change your hand motions if you do this, and it is dangerous you could break your fingers (Devine, 8). You have to be in the athletic position to get an accurate pass. There are two correct ways to place your hands. One way is called the “cup method” and the second method is called an “overlap grip”. Using either of these steps will make a “Platform” on your arms(or making your forearms straight). Devine also says “ Make a fist with your left hand with the thumb on top, and cover the left fist with your right hand. Your thumbs should line up side by side. Bring your arms together straight and away from the body. Your forearms should create a “platform,” where the ball should contact. Do not use your fists or wrists to hit the ball—the contact should be about two to six inches above the wrists. Do not swing your arms; just let the ball make contact. If you do this correctly, the ball will be more controlled, and it will go where you want it to go. And if you’re going after a ball, don’t use one-handed motions because these are often uncontrolled. The overlap grip hand placement does not have to be as it was just described. It’s all about what is most comfortable for you and what works for you” (Devine, 3-7).


Setting


According to Devine “Setting is a necessary skill, but it’s hard to master. Most of the power for the set comes from the legs and the triceps. It is not all in the wrist. Elbows come out wider than the shoulders and fully extend” (Devine, 1,4,5). In other words setting is a key skill and the power from the set comes from the legs not just the wrist. You should also extend your elbows out the whole way. Setters must know their hitters so they know how high and far that the hitters want the ball to go so they can get a good hit (Devine, 6). According to Ana “Setters also need to know where the blockers are on the other team and set up their hitters accordingly. If you're playing in the setter's position, it is your responsibility to get the second contact on the ball on every play! If you can't get it, yell "help" and one of your teammates will help you out” (Devine, 6&7).

Hitting

Attacking the ball is mainly about the timing, and it starts around the 10 foot line (Devine, 1). According to Ana “You should be in an athletic position with your knees and hips flexed; your feet should be about shoulder-width apart, and all your weight should be on the balls of your feet” (Devine, 1). In other words you should have your hips flexed, Knees bent, feet apart, and your weight should be on the balls of your feet. According to Devine “The footwork for the approach goes back to what is most comfortable for you. There are variations for all hitters, but usually there is a three- or four-step approach. The first step is for direction. This tells the body which way it’s going. Take a step with your left foot (righties). The last two steps are quick. The second step is for power. This should be a big, long step with your right foot. Bring your arms back as your right heel lands and your weight shifts. The last step is to stop forward motion. The jump begins when your left foot joins your right, and you push off the floor. Bring your arms back as in a topspin serve and swing through, snapping your wrist” (Devine, 3-6).

Works Cited

Devine, Ana. "Background." A Simple Guide To Volleyball. N.p., 2008. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.

<http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall08/Devine/positions.html>.

Devine, Ana. "Passing." A Simple Guide To Volleyball. N.p., 2008. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.

<http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall08/Devine/passing.html>.

Devine, Ana. "Setting." A Simple Guide To Volleyball. N.p., 2008. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.

<http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall08/Devine/setting.html>.

Devine, Ana. "Hitting." A Simple Guide To Volleyball. N.p., 2008. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.

<http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall08/Devine/hitting.html>.

N.d. Photograph. Wall Sticker Outlet - Home & Children's Wall Decor, 2012. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.

<http://www.wallstickeroutlet.com/wall-decor-detail.php?RecordID=60864>.

N.d. Photograph. University of Wisconsin–Madison, 2006. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buckysbuddies.com/player_pages.aspx>.

Sabin, Lisa. N.d. Photograph. 5 May 2011. Web. 31 Oct. 2012. <http://caddyshack.edublogs.org/>.

"Volleyball - General Information." Volleyball - General Information. Volleyball World Wide, 2003.

Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.volleyball.org/history.html>.

"Volleyball (Girls)." Wvssac Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012.

<http://www.wvssac.org/volleyball/Volleyball%20Rules%20&%20Regs.htm#top>.

William G. Morgan. N.d. Photograph. Volleyball Hall of Fame, 2005. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.

<http://www.volleyhall.org/morgan.html>.