Acids and Bases

By Dylan Parks

Acids

  • Lewis Acid- a substance that accept a pair of nonbonding electrons.
  • Arrhenius Acid- a substance when added to water increases the concentration of hydrogen ions.
  • A strong acid is an acid that ionizes in a aqueous solution by losing one proton, where a weak acid is an acid that dissociates incompletely.
  • Vinegar , Sulfuric Acid, and Perchloric Acid are strong acids.
  • Formic, Acetic, and Trichloroacetic are weak acids.
  • Physical Properties- it has a sour taste.
  • Chemical Properties- Zinc reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas.
  • Anything below 7 on the pH scale is an acid, and it will release H+ in water.

Bases

  • Arrhenius- a substance that when you add it to water it increases the number of OH ions
  • Bronsted-Lowry- materials that accept hydrogen ions
  • Lewis- a substance capable of giving up a pair of electrons to a acid which forms a covalent bond
  • A strong base has a high degree of dissociation in a solution, where a weak base does not ionize completely in a aqueous solution.