-Reasoning that takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable, allowing for the fact that the conclusion may not be accurate. It starts by looking at information and trying to figure out the causes.
-The form of reasoning in which we come to conclusions about the whole on the basis of observations of particular instances.
synonym ~ generalization
- Jill and Joe are friends. Jill likes to dance, cook and write. Joe likes to dance and cook. Therefore it can be assumed he also likes to write.
- All observed basketball players are tall, so all basketball players must be tall.
- Jennifer leaves for school at 7:00 a.m. and is on time. Jennifer assumes, then, that she will always be on time if she leaves at 7:00 a.m.
- All observed brown dogs are small dogs. Therefore, all small dogs are brown.
- The water at the beach has always been about 75 degrees in July. It is July. The water will be about 75 degrees.
- Bob is a teacher. All teachers are nice. Therefore, it can be assumed that Bob is nice.