john hanson

about him


Born april 14,1721

Near port tabacco,province of maryland

Died november 15,1783 (age 62)

Died in prince george's county,maryland

John Hanson, American Patriot and Former President of the Continental Congress

John Hanson was a merchant and public official from Maryland during the era of the American Revolution. After serving in a variety of roles for the Patriot cause in Maryland, in 1779 Hanson was elected as a delegate to the Continental Congress.
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was a merchant and public official from maryland during the american revolution. in 1779 Hanson was elected as a delegate to the continental congress. He signed the articles of confederation in 1781 after Maryland finally joined the other states in ratifying them.
Hanson's career in public service began in 1750, when he was appointed sheriff of Charles County.In 1757 he was elected to represent Charles County in the lower house of the Maryland General Assembly, where he served over the next twelve years, sitting in many important committees.

What his role is

Everybody knows that the first president in that sense was George Washington. But in fact the Articles of Confederation, the predecessor to the Constitution, also called for a president- albeit one with greatly diminished powers. Eight men were appointed to serve one year terms as president under the Articles of Confederation. In November 1781, John Hanson became the first President of the United States in Congress Assembled, under the Articles of Confederation.


Hanson played an important role in the development of United States Constitutional History, one often not stated, but true nonetheless. Often, Hanson is regarded as the "forgotten first President." In Seymour Weyss Smith's biography of him, John Hanson, Our First President, he says that the American Revolution had two primary leaders: George Washington in the military sphere, and John Hanson in politics. Although one position was ceremonial, and the other was more official, there are statues of both men in the United States Capitol in Washington D.C.

John Hanson-first elected President of the USA
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slaves

Hanson owned at least 223 acres of land and 11 slaves at the time of his death

In 1781, during Hanson's presidency, Ned Barnes, one of Hanson's slaves, ran away. Hanson published an advertisement in the Maryland Gazette, offering a $30 reward for Barnes' recapture. Barnes was recaptured, but he stole a horse and ran off again to be with his wife, Hanson gave up on getting Barnes back and instead sold him to the plantation to which he had escaped.


He owned 11 slaves at his death

Myth about john hanson

According to this urban myth, John Hanson of Maryland was actually black, and also the first president of the unided states. Internet sites promoting the hoax use the photograph of Senator John Hanson of Liberia to support the claim, even though photography had not yet been invented when the earlier John Hanson was living, as it was commercially introduced in 1839.
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How he felt about work

Hanson didn't really enjoy his job either, and found the work tedious and wished to resign. Unfortunately, the Articles of Confederation hadn't accounted for how succession worked and his departure would have left Congress without a President. So, because he loved his country, and out of a sense of duty, he remained in office.

What he did

While there, he served from November 5, 1781 until November 3, 1782, he was able to remove all foreign troops from American lands, as well as their flags. He also introduced the Treasury Department, the first Secretary of War, and the first Foreign Affairs Department. He led the flight to guarantee the statehood of the Western Territories beyond the Appalachian Mountains that had been controlled by some of the original thirteen colonies.

What's probably most interesting is that Hanson is also responsible for establishing Thanksgiving Day as the fourth Thursday in November.

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