People of the American Revolution

Two people you have most likely never heard of before!




Just about everyone knows that the Colonials had won the American Revolution, but has it ever crossed your mind *how* we had achieved the ultimate victory?

Perfect timing to bring up this amazing man...don't you think?




  • born on July 23, 1746 in Macharaviaya, Spain ("Bernardo de Galvez" 1)
  • was apart of the Spanish force ("Bernardo de Galvez" 1)
  • later got relocated to command the troops in the Louisiana area in 1776 ("Bernardo de Galvez" 1)
  • had assumed governorship over Louisiana on January 1, 1777 ("Bernardo de Galvez" 1)
  • bad blood with England is why he had naturally sided with the colonies during the war (Phillips)
  • had helped out the colonies way before Spain had gotten involved in the American Revolution ("Bernardo de Galvez" 6)
  • does not have any important/famous family members ("Bernardo de Galvez" 6)
  • died at the age of 40 on November 30, 1786 in Mexico ("Bernardo de Galvez" 1)




  • didn't have any political beliefs ("Bernardo de Galvez" 6)
  • always followed the family traditions (Appleby) and ("Bernardo de Galvez" 6)
  • was never involved with a certain political party (Appleby) and ("Bernardo de Galvez" 6)
  • there are zero significant documents, court cases, etc. he was linked to (Appleby)




  • revolutionary war hero (Appleby)
  • hearts were won over in both Spain and America (Appleby)
  • was still the governor of Louisiana with a lot of powerful connections (Appleby)
  • helped get loads of ammunition and other useful supplies transported up the Mississippi River to the Northwestern Colonial soldiers (Appleby)
  • the main posts of Vincennes and Kaskaskia were then conquered (Appleby)




All in all, Bernardo de Galvez was the Colonials' secret weapon-- literally. Without him, the war's outcome probably would've been an epic fail...


Too much information to read??


Don't fret! The infographic below contains everything you need to know, and it has been conveniently simplified for your viewing pleasure.


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"American Revolution". The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. New York:

Columbia University Press, 2016. Research in Context. Web. 21 Apr. 2016.

Appleby, Joyce Oldham, Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Branssard, James M. McPherson,

and Donald A. Ritchie. "Lesson 3 Backgrounds Shift." United States History to

1877. Columbus: Mc Graw Hill Education, 2016. 212. Print.

"Bernardo de Galvez." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 6 Detroit Gale,

2004. 195-196. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

"Bernardo de Galvez." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998.

Research in Context. Web. 19 Apr. 2016.

"Bernardo De Galvez." Telephone interview. 21 Apr. 2016.

"Bernardo de Galvez, Un Malagueno Clave En La Independencia De EEUU Que

Pronto Tendra Un Retrato En El Capitolio." Espana Buenas Noticias. N.p., 27

Aug. 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.

"Create Easy Infographics, Reports, Presentations l Piktochart." Piktochart

Infogrpahics. Piktochart, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.

Phillips, Roxanne. "People of the Revolution." Texas, College Station. 20 Apr. 2016.



Introduction: James Armistead

Slavery, espionage, and war-the historical life of the little known spy from Virginia, James Armistead Lafayett(1762-1830).(James Lafayette)

<-(Marquise De Lafayette Quotes)

Historical Background:

He started out like any other slave, owned by William Armistead, but no one would have guessed the impact he would have on history(Appleby). With his masters permission, he enrolled in the war in 1781 as a spy instead of a soldier (which will cause him problems later)(James Lafayette). While spying, he posed as an escaped slave scavenger for the British army(James Lafayette).

After awhile they asked him to start spying for them, and so he became a double agent with his loyalties remaining with the colonists(James Lafayette). Once he became a spy, they gave him information about battle plans that was promptly given to colonial war chiefs of other spys, and in return the British got false information.

The most important thing he did was give the colonists information about the location of General Cornwallis while he was in Yorktown(Appleby). It was because of this lead that the final battle of the revolution was in Yorktown.

Problems with state/country

1. After the war, the Act of 1783 freed all slaves who fought in the war as soldiers. This technicality cost Armistead his freedom because he was a spy, not a soldier.(Salo)

2.After the Marquise de Lafayette sued the state of Virginia for Armistead's freedom, the problems did not end there. Armistead was then given a farm with infertile soil neighboring the farm he worked on as a slave.(Salo)

3. Again the Marquise came to the rescue and made the state of Virginia give Armistead forty dollars a week due to Armistead's failing health and farm and for his critical service during the war.(Salo)

4. (This isn't a problem) James Armistead changed his last name to Lafayette in honor of the Marquise de Lafayette and because of all the help James got from him during his life(James Lafayette).

By Dylan Outlaw 8th period

Works Cited:

Appleby, Joyce Oldham, Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, James M. > McPherson, and Donald A. Ritchie."lesson 4:The Final Years."United States History to 1877. Columbus, OH ; McGraw-Hill Education, 2016. 214-15.Print.

Douglas, April. "Daily Black History Update." Pinterest. Pinterest, n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.

Bourn, Shirley. "The Student Will Explain the Roles Played by Significant Individuals during the American Revolution, including Abigail Adams, John Adams, Wentworth Ch." ⚡Presentation "eswell," Slide Player, 2016. Web. 04 May 2016.

"James Lafayette." Britannica School. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2016 Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

"Marquis De Lafayette Quotes." . QuotesGram. QuotesGram, n.d. Web. 04 May 2016.

Salo, Jessica."Lafayette, James Armistead (1760-1832)|The Black Past : Remembered and Reclamed."Lafayette, James Armistead (1760-1832)|The Black Past : Remembered and Reclamed. University of Washington, Seatle, 2002. Web. 22 Apr. 2016.